Vastu Shastra is a science of directions which takes into consideration all five elements – earth, water, air, fire and space. Using these they balance requirements of man and material. It uses the Panchabootas in nature to take advantage of the benefits to boost health, wealth, success, prosperity and happiness. It helps to enlighten one’s environment.
As per Hindu puranas, Vastu is regarded highly by our sages and seers. They used the secrets of nature and the five elements to build their settlements. They made use of characteristics such as the magnetic field, gravity, directions, wind velocity, light, heat, effects of the sun, the UV rays and even the INFRA-Red rays, etc. it takes into account the volume and intensity of the rain falling in the particular section etc. to ensure better planning and construction of buildings used for human dwelling, i.e. home, entertainment, education, work, construction, production etc.
In Vastu shastra, Man is seen as the subject, the object and even as the cause of the architecture required. He builds designs and constructs, i.e. conceives the plan of architecture with his experience of himself, of the nature surrounding him and his requirements. Through design and art, he moulds and alters the elements in his nature environment.
Man is the subject, object and the cause of architecture. He perceives and conceives architecture in relation to his experience of himself with the surrounding world. Through art of design, he alters and moulds the elements of natural environment. The world comprises of five basic elements, also known as the Paanchbhootas. They are Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Space. Out of the nine planets, our planet has life because of the presence of these five elements. Earth and Water have limited and localized availability for the human habitat and growth. They form apparent and fundamental choice makers in the location and the physical form of architecture and habitat. Sun, Air and Space are universally available and can be molded to human needs by the act of design. In order to understand the act of design with these five elements, we shall have to take each one separately to appreciate their meaning, role, and workability in architecture.